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Tiger Island Ranges (North & South)
1877 1st set of Tiger Island Ranges (North & South) already established - approximate dates - Ranges are shown on nautical maps.
1881 Jetties construction begins on St. Mary's Entrance to maintain 21' channel
1888 Annual Report - Recommendations made for two sets of stake lights be established for two ranges into "Fernandina Harbor"
12/13/1889 Letter - RANGE-LIGHTS (TIGER ISLAND) - an appropriation of $1,750 was approved 2 March 1889, for the establishment of range-lights to guide into Fernandina Harbor and that they are now in progress of construction. Writer: D. B. Harmony, Rear Admiral, U.S.N., Chairman Light-House Board.
1889 Annual Report - TIGER ISLAND RANGES - An appropriation of $1,750 was made at the last session of Congress for the establishment of one or more sets of range-lights to guide into the harbor of Fernandina, Fla. Two sets of ranges will be required, one on the north, the other on the south, end of Tiger Island. The proper measures are being taken for acquiring title to the sites needed.
1890 Annual Report - TIGER ISLAND RANGES - Sites were located on Tiger Island near Fernandina, Fla, for two sets of ranges designed to guide vessels into the inner harbor. Plats of the four sites required with a form of deed by which they should be conveyed to the United States, were forwarded to the district attorney in December, 1889, with the request that he would take the necessary legal steps to acquire title to them. Several letters have been written to him urging the necessity of prompt action on his part, but without result. As soon as the titles are perfected the ranges will be established
1891 Annual Report - TIGER ISLAND RANGES - Sites were located on Tiger Island, near Fernandina, for two sets of ranges designed to guide vessels into the inner harbor, and plats of the four sites required, with a form of deed by which they should be conveyed to the United States, were forwarded to the proper United States attorney in December, 1889, that he might take the necessary measures to acquire title to them. In November, 1890, the United States attorney was requested, in accordance with his recommendation, to obtain title to the sites be proceedings in condemnation; but beyond the preparation of a petition for condemation for file in the proper courts, no progress has been reported.* (*On August 14, 1891, the Board was informed by the Department of Justice that all the papers and data in this case were lately destroyed by fire. Measures were at once taken to duplicate the papers. When this is done the proceedings in condemnation will go on.)
1892 Annual Report - In December, 1889, the United States attorney for the northern district of Florida was directed by the Department of Justice to take the proper measures to acquire title to the four light-house sites which had been located on Tiger Island, Florida, for two sets of ranges designed to guide vessels in to the inner Fernandina Harbor. Proceedings in condemnation were instituted, and the United States attorney has at length reported that judgment of condemnation has been entered in this case.* (*The Attorney-General of the United States approved the title by letter dated November 7, 1892)
2/14/1893 Light-List - Tiger Island North & South Ranges - established 1893 - to be lighted 2/14/1893
1893 Annual Report - Tiger Island North Range - In November, 1892, title was acquired by condemnation to the two sites needed for this range. A wooden triangular skeleton structure, carrying a tubular lantern, was built at each of the sites and they were connected with each other by an elevated plank walk, 1,490 feet long.
Tiger Island South Range - In November, 1892, title was acquired by condemnation to the two sites needed for this range. A wooden triangular skeleton structure, carrying a tubular lantern, was built at each of the sites and they were connected with each other by an elevated plank walk, 470 feet long.
1896 Annual Report - Tiger Island North Range - The Funck lantern lights in use for this range have proved too feeble for the proper guidance of vessels, the structures were changed to adapt them to carry lens lanterns, and the latter were provided and put in position.
Tiger Island South Range - The oil house was raised 16 inches and 180 feet of plank walk was repaired.
10/2/1898 Telegram - Both Front Tiger Island north and south range ... destroyed. Arnold
10/8/1898 Letter - Tiger Island North and South Ranges - The Keeper of Tiger Island ranges writes "there is nothing left of the North range except the post. It is all gone except the rear post. I have found the oil houses. They were carried nearly a mile away. The walk is all gone; cannot find a remnant. The South range is gone; cannot find anything except rear post. I hear that the front post with the lamp is near the draw-bridge. There has not been any light since Saturday Night. My buildings on the Island are swept away." These buildings were the property of the Keeper and located on the highest part of the island. The draw bridge referred to is five miles from the site of the South Range. I respectfully suggest that a Notice to Mariners be published by the Board to the effect that the Amelia Island and Tiger Island North and South Ranges have been discontinued on account of storm damages, but will be re-established as soon as practicable." Writer: E. H. Ruffuir Major, Corps of Engineers, U.S.A. Lt.H.Enginer
1899 Annual Report - Tiger Island North Range - This range suffered severely from the storm of October. A new front beacon, a wooden oil house, and some 1,440 feet of plank walk were built.
Tiger Island South Range - A front beacon, a wooden oil house, and 180 feet of plank walk were built.
1899 Jetties almost complete and channels stabilized.
1904 Annual Report - Tiger Island North & South Ranges - At the south range the rear beacon was rebuilt, and 200 feet of plank walk was repaired.
6/1905 Corp of Engineers declares Jetty work is completed
4/1906 Tiger Island North and South Ranges discontinued. Notice to Mariners published.
1910 One "Tiger Island Range" is established. Front & Rear Beacons are on "skeleton structures" in the river.
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